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5 Key Principles to Minimalist Interior Design

Minimalist interior design is becoming so popular today because people are getting busier and overwhelmed with constant pressure from demanding careers and personal lives.

Home should be our sanctuary or a retreat for our entire family at the end of a hectic day to get away from the overstimulated world.

Minimalism fosters mental clarity and calming so it can increase our ability to focus and process information. A minimalist home has less stuff to clean so you can spend more time on your personal pursuit in life thereby increasing your life satisfaction.

Less is more. A minimalist home not only has minimum furniture but each piece is minimal in itself. This doesn’t necessarily mean the home will look cold, stark, unfinished and sterile. By understanding the 5 principles, you can create a gorgeous minimalist home that achieves perfect balance and harmony.

1. Essential Pieces

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

The main principle of minimalist interior design is to only include the furniture that are truly essential to a room from both the functional and aesthetics standpoint. For example, the bedroom in the photo has a bed, two nightstands and two table lamps on each side that make the bedroom functional enough. It has enough decor like a vase of flowers on one nightstand and a simple white artwork on the wall to add interest into the room. The photo at the bottom also demonstrates the principle where it only has the essential furniture for a living room. The living room however has a stark contrast with the view from the window and it works so well with so little.

2. High Quality Material

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

Choose high quality pieces and materials for the remaining items and finishes that you can afford. You can splurge on the material of the furniture or the finishes of the fixture in the kitchen or bathroom to elevate your space and you won’t break the bank by doing that. For example in the photo, the dining room has a quartz table top that accentuates the space.

The powder room has a brass-finished fixture, a marble sink and marble wall tiles that draw a lot of visual attention as they deserve. This is important especially when there are much less pieces in a minimalist space.

3. Plenty of Space Around Each Item

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

minimal style interior design(image credit:

Each item in a minimalist space should be given plenty of breathing room. This means there is plenty of space around each item. Items in a minimalist room are simple, beautiful and adds interest to the space.

By giving sufficient space around each item, this allows each item to be truly appreciated on its own. Other than just one piece of accessory, you can also include a group of coordinating accessories in a space and that should be the only set of accessories in the particular space. For example, the dining room in the photo has three coordinating vases on the dining table and there are just the three of them.

4. Focal Point

simplistic interior design - bathroom(image credit:

bedroom(image credit:

Focal point is a common design principle we use in any style. It’s essential to have an amazing focal point in a minimalist space too. It is a piece of design element that draws your eyes when you enter the room and it should be the only piece that you decorate around. As shown in the photos, the statement wall tiles in the bathroom and the wall treatment behind the bed in the bedroom are the focal point in each room.

5. Negative/Empty Space

Empty Space(image credit:

Simple Dining(image credit:

Minimalist Interior Design(image credit:

Minimalist Interior design is a celebration of empty space. It’s a design element that refers to an area in a room that is noticeably absent in terms of furniture or décor where you’d normally have some types of furniture piece or décor.

The concept of minimalist design is to reduce everything down to its essential quantity and achieve simplicity.

Each furniture piece is given room to breathe so you can see an abundance of empty space. Each piece in the room is then allowed to shine.

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